The Paris Climate Agreement, also known as the Paris Agreement, is a global agreement on climate change signed in 2015 by 196 countries. The agreement aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a goal of pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Paris Climate Agreement was negotiated at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, France. It was adopted on December 12, 2015, and entered into force on November 4, 2016.
The agreement sets out a framework for countries to work together to limit global warming, through a process of nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Each country is responsible for developing its own NDC, which outlines its commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The Paris Climate Agreement also includes provisions for transparency and accountability, with a system of reporting and review to ensure that countries are meeting their commitments. The agreement also provides for financial support to help developing countries transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The Paris Climate Agreement has been hailed as a historic achievement in the fight against climate change, with countries around the world coming together to address one of the most pressing issues of our time. However, the agreement has also faced criticism for not going far enough to address the scale of the climate crisis, and for lacking binding enforcement mechanisms.
In India, the Paris Climate Agreement has been a key issue in the UPSC civil services exam, with questions frequently asked on the agreement and its implementation. As a professional, it is important to understand the significance and implications of the Paris Climate Agreement, and to be able to write informative and engaging content on the topic.